Just wrote up a little post for those who want to self host a lemmy instance with docker-compose and traefik.

submitted 1 year ago* (last edited 1 year ago) by devve@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hello everyone! Mods here 😊

Tell us, what services do you selfhost? Extra points for selfhosted hardware infrastructure.

Feel free to take it as a chance to present yourself to the community!


Router (ipv6 dns) (lemmy.world)
submitted 1 hour ago* (last edited 1 hour ago) by Lordjohn68@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Good evening.

I have a need for a new router thinking of a Flint2 which must be able to route ipv6 dns to a destination of my choice.

Any ideas?

Self-hosted Wishlist (lemmings.world)

I'm interested in self-hosting a Wishlist like the way Amazon's wishlist used to work.


  • Add links from websites
  • Mark items as purchased on others' lists
  • Hide purchased items within timeframe of birthday, christmas, etc


  • Bookmarklet to easily add link
  • Runs on OpenBSD with php/nginx
submitted 1 hour ago* (last edited 1 hour ago) by SexualPolytope@lemmy.sdf.org to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I want to get a new VPS. It'll mostly be used to host lightweight Docker images, and reverse proxying through Caddy. So, decent CPU and fast network speeds are the main things I need.

I have a cheap VPS with RackNerd. It's fine, but only has a single CPU core, which gets overwhelmed if multiple connections are trying to pull stuff from some service. So, I guess having multiple cores is a requirement as well.

I want to spend around $5/month, but willing to go a little higher if it's worth it. Any suggestions are appreciated.

P.S. I'm based in US and would prefer something in here for lower latency.


So I finally broke down and made a very poor purchasing decision and ordered an e-ink writer to be a notepad/e-reader hybrid. Partially so that it is less of a hassle to read books I got from kickstarters and the like while still using the kindle app for the disturbing amounts of money I throw at Amazon.

Historically? I loved goodreads because theoretically I would get good recommendations based on what I liked. In practice, that has never happened but it is still nice to see if I read something in the past. And once I have multiple ebook ecosystems, it will be nice to actually check that rather than spend the first 100 pages wondering if this is familiar.

So any good recommendations? I suspect what I SHOULD do (and will likely start doing more as a self betterment thing) is just put a note in my personal nextcloud every time I finish a book with a quick summary and some thoughts. But having the big database is also really nice.



I've been using SB for years but it's just a bit shit sometimes.

What I love about it is that it has Chromecast Bridgez meaning I can play music to my Google Home Minis.

But nowadays I have all my music in Plex and I'm using Symphonium to stream to my phone. Symphonium connects up nicely.to my Google minis, I just need something to replace my squeeze lite end points so I can send music to them from my phone.

Currently these are both running on Pis so if anyone can recommend an easy UPNP endpoint software for a pi, that would be great.


Hello everyone,

I currently have Jellyfin running through Caddy and Cloudflare as reverse proxies.

I have tried everything and can't seem to get Jellyfin to report anything but the Cloudflare IP for clients.

Does anyone have a similar setup and could help me troubleshoot this? I can share whatever configs I am using as required.


submitted 15 hours ago by JameUwU@lemmy.ml to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hello, I self host an email server and I am currently using mailcow-dockerized, however I have found their community support to be extremely lackluster, and their software having major annoyances that have either gone unfixed for years or are so specific in scope that going through the song and dance of submitting it to their GitHub using their lengthy bug reporting process isnt worth it (because most of what they ask for is unrelated to the bug I'm reporting)

I want an email server that I can allow my friends and family to use, and that can generate random aliases they can use when signing up for websites or software that can be easily deleted if they no longer use the service or want their spam. I dont have very many requirements other than that one feature, and the software either being stable enough on its own, or the community being nicer around supporting their users.

Thanks in advance.


cross-posted from: https://lemmy.ml/post/16693054

Is there a feature in a CI/CD pipeline that creates a snapshot or backup of a service's data prior to running a deployment? The steps of a ideal workflow that I am searching for are similar to:

  1. CI tool identifies new version of service and creates a pull request
  2. Manually merge pull request
  3. CD tool identifies changes to Git repo
    1. CD tool creates data snapshot and/or data backup
    2. CD tool deploys update
  4. Issue with deployment identified that requires rollback
    1. Git repo reverted to prior commit and/or Git repo manually modified to prior version of service
    2. CD tool identifies the rolled back version
      1. (OPTIONAL) CD tool creates data snapshot and/or data backup
      2. CD tool reverts to snapshot taken prior to upgrade
      3. CD tool deploys service to prior version per the Git repo
  5. (OPTIONAL) CD tool prunes data snapshot and/or data backup based on provided parameters (eg - delete snapshots after _ days, only keep 3 most recently deployed snapshots, only keep snapshots for major version releases, only keep one snapshot for each latest major, minor, and patch version, etc.)

Currently, I use Debian on my server. I have an Intel Arc GPU that I use for transcoding, however hardware encoding doesn't work. I am able to get a slight performance benefit from decoding, but encoding would be much better. I have an A750 in my desktop (not server), and was able to get hardware acceleration working, but only with openSUSE Tumbleweed with the stable kernel (6.9.4). While I would love to have encoding, (I am limited on upload speed and av1 encoding isn't practical on the CPU for multiple streams), I doubt it would be stable using a rolling distro and non-standard kernel. Has anyone else tried anything like this? Are there any arc + jellyfin users out there who know any way to make this work, or any openSUSE self-hosters could vouch for its stability? I am willing to try almost any distro (except ubuntu) to make this work.

submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by get_flomped@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hey there,

it's been a while since my last post. Since then - with the help of this awesome community - I have added multiple new features and fixed a lot of bugs.

Most importantly there is now a working demo alongside a shiny new landing page.

And here are some more fun features I added since then:

  • Trail drawing: in addition to uploading you GPX, TCX or KML files, you can now also simply draw a trail by defining multiple waypoints. The route between them will be calculated automatically.
  • Sharing trails: simple and straightforward - you can share your trails with other users and let them view or edit.
  • Printing trails: there is now a dedicated print view. Plan your adventure digitally and then take it with you on paper.
  • wanderer is now available in 8 different languages (thanks to translators from the community). If you would like to contribute a translation you can do so here.
  • You can now bulk upload multiple trails at once simply by putting them in a dedicated auto-upload folder

And much more. I'd be happy if you give it a try in case you haven't yet.

GitHub repo: https://github.com/Flomp/wanderer

submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by CatLikeLemming to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I'm having trouble finding a proper starting point for self hosting, so I am curious on any resources you'd recommend, or even some build lists / pre-built devices.

What I want to do:


  1. Host some applications like TinyTinyRSS, Jellyfin, GitLab, and Nextcloud which I'd want to be accessible in my home network
  2. Use the computer as a NAS to back data up and have it easily accessible on my desktop and laptop
  3. Have a piHole


  1. Access my hosted applications from outside of my network
  2. Use tools like Radarr to automatically download things from torrent lists
  3. Use it as a seedbox

The reason the last three are optional is because for that I'd have to expose the computer to the outside network, which has a whole bunch of benefits, but also a whole bunch of risks I am likely neither capable of nor comfortable with working around, so unless there's an easy fix (number 3 might be able to be handled via a VPN?) they're a problem for future me. For anything further I think I can just go from here once those requirements develop

I have already skimmed through some articles, watched some build guides for both NAS and home servers and honestly I just don't know what I need, both in information, hardware, and software.

  • Should I separate the NAS and Home Server, get a separate device for the piHole, or just have all three in one?
  • What hardware would be suitable for this?
  • Should I buy something off the shelf like a mini PC (for instance an Intel NUC) or one of these fancy prebuilt NAS devices where you just need to plug in some drives or build my own?
  • Would it be smarter to go with a Linux distro as the OS, for instance Debian, or should I use something like Unraid or TrueNAS which from what I can gather make setup more convenient and even handle docker images for you?

I am somewhat comfortable with Linux and the command line and have a budget of about 1000€, but if I can get away with less that would be great, and I can also stretch higher if needed for my requirements. I am also very new to self hosting and my networking knowledge is not non-existent, but limited.

I'm just a bit lost and would love some beginner-oriented resources or direct advice, thank you!

Simple mail server (lemmy.world)
submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by Humorless4483@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world


I want to deploy a simple mail server so that it can be used for users to register themselves or reset passwords, etc.

Is there an easy one to deploy (in docker if possible) ?


Not upgrading just taking notes.

I got a rasberry pi 5 running most of my services now, and it's doing fine. Usually for my movies and stuff I go to streaming sites, legal ofc *cough *cough, but down the line I intend to build a media server too.

The stuff I got laying arround wont do much with upgrades. So if I indeed wanted to upgrade my setup and run a media server + some AI stuff, I think I would be better off just buying a nvidia jetson SBC than building a tower from scratch.

What do u guys think?

Proxmox on NUC8I5BEH (k.fe.derate.me)

I recently acuired a secondhand NUC8I5BEH and installed proxmox on it. But it randomly is unreachable from my LAN. There are no errors in syslog. When I connect a monitor there is no signal. So the NUC seems crashed. The fan is spinning and the LAN lights are on. It's not viewable on my unifi controller and it's not pingable. Where can I start looking for the problem?


I have self hosted immich on Debian on my homelab. I have also setup tailscale to be able to access it outside my home.

Sometime ago, I was able to purchase a domain of my choice from GoDaddy. While I am used to hosting stuff on Linux, I've never exposed it for access publicly. I want to do that now.

Is it something I can do within tailscale or do I need to setup something like cloudflare? What should I be searching for to learn and implement? What precautions to take? I would like to keep the tailscale thing too.

PS: I would like to host immich as a subdomain like photos.mydomain.com.



I love playing with LLMs locally at home. The cost of running hobby projects against paid services like OpenAI is too high for me so in this article you can find out how I work around that to keep my LLM infra deployed locally at home and still use it anywhere I like.


Like the title says. I installed a GPU, everything posts and boots fine. The lights on the Ethernet port are lit up and will stay lit up indefinitely (I assume) if I leave it at the kernel select screen.

But as soon as I load a kernel, the lights go dark. It also is not shown as an active client on my gateway, so it’s not working at all.

I’ve tried lots of commands I’ve found to force it up. It looks to me like the NIC assigned to vmbr0 is correct. Etc. I just can’t get it to work.

If I remove the GPU, it immediately works again. NIC stays up after the kernel loads and I can access the web UI as normal.

rooteprox. *

root@prox:*# ip a

  1. 10: «LOOPBACK, UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet scope host lo
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 :: 1/128 scope host noprefixroute valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
  2. enpsso: ‹BROADCAST, MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOHN group default qlen 1000 link/ether a8:a1:59:be:f2:33 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    enp0s31f6: «NO-CARRIER, BROADCAST, MULTICAST, UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master vmbro state DOWN group default qlen 1000 link/ether a8:a1:59:be:f2:32 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    vmbrO: ‹NO-CARRIER, BROADCAST, MULTICAST, UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN group default qlen 1000 link/ether a8:a1:59:be:f2:32 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet scope global vmbro valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

root@prox: *# cat /etc/network/interfaces

auto lo

iface lo inet loopback

iface enp0s31f6 inet manual

auto vmbro

iface vmbro inet static



bridge-ports enp0s31f6

bridge-stp off bridge-fd o

iface enps0 inet manual

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*

root@prox: ~# service network restart

Failed to restart network.service: Unit network.service not found.


I remember reading somewhere about a self hosted application that would work like a proxy. But not http/https like NPM but all the network traffic.

I may be misremembering but what caught my attention at the time was the possibility to log communication packets. It was months ago and I ended up forgetting about it.

My use case would be monitoring communication with a device I’m developing an app for.



I have recently bought a VPS from Linode and I thinking about using it to host some stuff but I don't know what I want to host and what I can host. I don't have a domain name so the traffic is http only :(. but I haven't hosted anything sensitive so I think it's fine.

what have you hosted on your VPS or physical server?


I have been using linux for a couple of years already, very casually, just browser, media, games. Recently I bought dell micro pc and installed proxmox on it. I don't have a lot of hdds or raid or anything, just one 6tb usb external drive. I know, I could lose everything, but I don't have anything important in there, just media. It's a relatively new drive, so I hope it will hold for at least half a year, and then I plan to buy proper hdds.

Hdd is connected to the proxmox host with usb, and then with mount points to lxc containers. Audiobooshelf, samba, qbittorent, all containers are debian 12.

When I download book with qB lxc, it automatically shows up in audiobookshelf (abs) lxc thanks to mount points. Abs can play it but, I can't change cover, delete, move it etc, because of permissions. This screenshot is from proxmox host.

Same thing happes when I manually upload the book to audiobookshelf, then other lxc containers have problem accessing it. Or when I upload something to the server with samba.

I know how to change it with chmod and chown, but when I download new book it is the same thing again, I don't want to manually change permissions and ownership every time new folder/file appears in hdd. In lxc container I cant even change ownership, it says: "Operation not permitted" even though I have root.

This is my samba config. It's terrible and unsecure, but after 2 days of trying to make it work, I just wanted to try everything. I will probably switch to nfs, idk if it will help.

I'm really lost, idk how to make lxc containers talk to each other through those mounts points without breaking permissions/ownership. Is there some other way? Idk if there is a very simple solution and I just made fool of myself. I know that root and 777 eveywhere is bad idea, but I wanted to at least first get everything working. And I don't plan to connect anything to the internet in the near future anyways.

It's really late here, and I have to work tomorrow, so I won't be able to reply until tomorrow evening.

submitted 3 days ago* (last edited 3 days ago) by Zak@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I've been self-hosting email with Maddy for a bit, but haven't shared any of the addresses widely yet in part because I haven't set up a spam filter. I'm pleased with Maddy; there's much less to learn to get a server up and running with sane default behavior than with the email software of old.

Ideally, I'd like to go beyond just spam filtering and have something with arbitrary categories like newsletters and password resets. I would prefer that it learn categories when I move messages to IMAP folders from a mail client. Maddy can feed messages into arbitrary programs and pick a destination folder based on their output.

Web searches turn up a ton of classification programs, most of which seem to be more interested in playing accuracy golf with well-known corpora than expanding functionality beyond simple spam filtering.

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A place to share alternatives to popular online services that can be self-hosted without giving up privacy or locking you into a service you don't control.


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